Psycholinguistics Linguists Organization Network
Psycholinguistics or psychology of language is a hybrid discipline within psychology and linguistics, interested in the study of neurological and psychological factors that enable humans to acquire, use and understanding languages.

This discipline examines any process that involves human communication through the use of language (either it be oral, written, etc.).. Broadly speaking, the most studied psycholinguistics processes can be divided into two categories, one called encoding (language production), others called decoding (or understanding of language). Beginning with the first, we analyze the processes that enable us to be able to form grammatically correct sentences based on vocabulary and grammatical structures. These processes are called codification. Psycholinguistics also examines factors that affect the decoding, or in other words, psychological structures that enable us to understand expressions, words, sentences, words, etc.. Human communication can be considered a continuous perception-understanding-production process. The richness of language makes this sequence develop in several ways. So, depending on the external mode of visual or auditory stimuli the different stages of perception will be different. There is also variability in the production of language, we can talk, or gestural express with writing. Finally, access to the meaning varies according to whether the language unit is considered a word, a sentence or a speech.

Other areas of psycholinguistics focus on such topics as the origin of language in humans (natural vs. culture). For example, psycholinguistics study themes such as how people learn a second language, as well as the processes of language acquisition in childhood. According to Noam Chomsky, the greatest exponent of the generative school, humans have an innate Universal Grammar (abstract concept that encompasses all human languages). The functionalists, who oppose this view, claim that language is learned only through social contact. However, it is scientifically proven that every human being who is not suffering from any disease, has the innate ability to learn languages, if he is exposed to them during a period of time long enough. This time period extend considerably after puberty. Therefore, a child can learn any language quickly, while an adult may need years to learn a second or third language. It also seems proven that the more languages you know, the easier it get to learn another.

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